Flora and fauna of the Tropical Rainforest
In forest trees can not miss birds like the toucan, the scarlet and yellow-headed parrot, which are highly valued by the colors of their feathers. Some more are quail, woodpecker, hummingbird and trogon.
Insects are a special case because they can fly high, to be attached to the trunks or near the ground. In the rainforest there is a huge variety, like fireflies, butterflies, ants, wasps, crickets, and many more.
Like other wild animals, insects are very important for the existence of the ecosystem. An example of its function, is that in carrying pollen from one flower to another, collaborate in their fertilization.
Another example of the importance of animals in this ecosystem, are bats, birds and monkeys feed on fruits, but they cannot digest the seeds they contain, and the yield from their droppings. Thus, transport from one place to another, increasing their chances of germination.
The wind plays a similar role when you drag fruits full of seeds, which can fall to the ground or remaining in gaps formed between the branches of a tree. If there are some dirt and moisture, germinate plants that grow only in the rainforest. Such is the case of epiphytes, climbers and stranglers.
Epiphytes live on horizontal branches, under the canopy of trees. This allows them to keep the wind, provide shade when the sun's rays are intense and receive an abundance of rain water. These include mosses, ferns and a variety of orchids, highly appreciated by their shapes and colors.
The climbers, also called lianas or vines are plants with thin, flexible stems, which are entangled to the trunk of a tree to climb up to find sunlight. Once up, they develop thick glasses that are attached to nearby trees.
It is also possible the opposite: that cutting a tree, fall with him several more, for they were tied by vines.
The throttles are trees that grow on trees. Born as tiny plants growing on a branch, over time gain strength and its roots go down to the ground, which take more nutrients.
Thanks to this, the stems thicken throttle and get tangled in the tree that serves as a support. Then it grows branches and leaves.
Consequently, the tree stops receiving support from sunlight. In addition, the choke absorbs all available water and press the trunk until the tree dies. Due to the humidity, it rots in a short time and only a hole remains in place.